Justice will not be served until those who are
unaffected are as outraged as those who are.
The Siege on Summer
Street (Salem, Oregon 22 January 2019)
Cowboy Justice in Oregon
This is the first of an eight-part story.
We humans make mistakes. Isn’t it better to take responsibility for the mistakes and move
on—rather than pinning the blame on someone else?
Police departments, staffed by humans, make mistakes. On January 22, 2019, the Salem Police
Department (SWAT Team), used excessive force in a situation in the Grant neighborhood of Salem, at
1050 Summer Street, NE. During the four hours of bombardment with smoke, tear gas, and
flash-bang grenades, fires broke out. The house was ruined. Police alleged the fires
were a result of arson and had the Fire Department conduct a "criminal" investigation—but
removed the spent grenades from the scene before the Fire Department investigator arrived. A
policeman gave the fire investigator a guided tour of the ruins. She adopted his statements
and wrote her report.
It took eight months and a reported $200,000 to fix the house. Much to its credit, the SWAT
Team revised its tactics and moved on. It has not been using military grenades when gentler
methods are sufficient. However, some other public officials have not moved on.
Instead of acknowledging SWAT’s use of incendiary grenades, the District Attorney is prosecuting a
scapegoat with starting the fires with a BIC cigarette lighter, later found in the debris.
It's a script worthy of Saturday Night Live. Unless the scapegoat "confesses" in a
plea bargain, he may spend the rest of his life in prison.
about plea bargaining.)
District Attorneys are notoriously ambitious. If DA Paige Clarkson can get an arson
conviction, she will protect her government cronies from public embarrassment. And protect
the state and county from damages if the scapegoat sues for his injuries and wins. She’ll
get a reputation for being really tough on crime. She may even become
The county judge has discarded the principle of "innocent until proven guilty." In public
pre-trial hearings, he has announced the scapegoat is guilty. Like a lynching, but without
And this judge is trying to squelch reportage of publicly verifiable facts. No, Your Honor,
we will not tolerate Show Trials in Marion County. Or a Marion County gulag, holding the
accused in prison until he "confesses." We would rather have due process of law. You
and the DA are elected public officials. And yes, we the voters have a right to review your
conduct, free of your veiled and chilling threats against free speech and press.
How Did the Story Start?
The District Attorney’s story: In the morning of 22 January 2019, Kenneth Ketchem was
on a crime spree. He entered the garage of a home in NE Salem; when discovered, he ran off
to another address in the 1010 block of Capitol St. NE. Disturbed again, and still intent on
burglary, Ketchem illegally entered nearby 1050 Summer Street, NE. The police, already on
the scene due to his earlier disturbances, ordered him to leave, but he didn’t. Then the
police were told he fired a gun, so the SWAT Team was called. Fires broke out in the
house. The police found a cigarette lighter—a BIC—under the deck.
Source: Salem Police Department Property Report, Pg. 7 of 15, Bates 00415
Therefore, the District Attorney asserts, Ketchem started the fires.
Kenneth Ketchem’s story: Ketchem says at no time did he enter anyone's garage.
On that morning of 22 January 2019, Ketchem was looking for a friend’s house but went to a wrong
address on Capitol Street, NE. He and the homeowner at that address had a
confrontation. The homeowner pulled a gun on Ketchem. (Everyone’s Business will
call that homeowner "The Lone Ranger.") Ketchem fled, but The Lone Ranger, still brandishing
the gun, chased him down public thoroughfares. The District Attorney knows The Lone Ranger’s
name and address. The chase was observed by several witnesses whose names, addresses, and
testimonies are known to the District Attorney. More on that story
here: The Lone Ranger Rides Again
Ketchem told Everyone’s Business that he ran to the alley entrance of 1050 Summer Street,
NE, seeking shelter from his gun-toting pursuer. When Mrs. Graves (the lady of the house)
opened the door, Ketchem gave his name and explained the situation. Mrs. Graves ran out the
At that point, there were three occupants of the house at 1050 Summer Street: Ketchem and two pet
cats. Why didn’t the police just wait him out? But no … Read on!
Homeowner's story: Only two people witnessed Ketchem's entry to the house: Ketchem and
Mrs. Graves. On July 12, 2020 by email, Mrs. Graves told Everyone's Business that Ketchem broke
through two back doors to enter her house. When she fled from the house through the broken back doors,
she encountered a man in civilian clothes down on one knee and brandishing a gun. He
yelled at her, "Get down, he has a gun!"
The man in the alley with the gun may have been the same one who threatened Ketchem and chased him to the
vicinity of the Graves' house, the man that Everyone's Business calls "The Lone Ranger."
On one point, though, the Graves and Ketchem agree: Mrs. Graves wrote that from beginning, "the cops and
fire department overstepped and did a cover-up."
Source: Email exchange with Slade Graves, July 13-16, 2020.
(Personal information is redacted.)
Mr. Graves (the man of the house) described ensuing events as "a total clusterfuck."
Source: Incident Supplement, Det. Curtis Abel. Pg. 8 of 10, Bates 00320.
The SWAT Team Arrives
The Lone Ranger’s wife had called the police, so they were already in the neighborhood when
Mrs. Graves ran out of her house. The Lone Ranger, having chased Ketchem, was already on
The police, using a loudspeaker, ordered Ketchem to leave the
Graves’ home. He did not.
Then came a report that Ketchem fired a shot from a gun and broke a window in the home. The
SWAT Team was called in.
Coincidentally, the report about Ketchem’s gun came from The Lone Ranger who had chased Ketchem
with a gun from Capitol St. into the vicinity of 1050 Summer St. NE.
Source: Incident Supplement of Sgt. Andrew Roberts, Pg. 4 of 15, Bates 00225.
But Ketchem’s alleged gun was never found.
Source: Incident Supplement, Det. Jeffrey Gordon, Pg. 5 of 7, Bates [illegible].
Fires Break Out
The SWAT Team’s MRAP vehicle arrived (see pictures below) with other military equipment familiar
to audiences of Hollywood high crime dramas: Vests, loudspeakers, tear gas grenades, flash-bangs,
grenade launchers, and other such paraphernalia.
Fires broke out. Smoke billowed from the house and the air was unbreathable. Not
hearing any coughing or choking, the police realized that Ketchem could not still be alive in the
(For Information on flash-bangs, see March 24, 2019
letter to Salem Police Chief Jerry Moore. We will be examining flash-bangs in more
detail in Tear Gas, Smoke, and Flash-bang Grenades — and the Fires
They Cause )
The police guessed that Ketchem must be hiding under the deck in the back of the
house. Ignoring the manufacturer's warning, they pelted the area under the deck
with tear gas grenades. A 40 MM round struck and penetrated Ketchem’s abdomen and
his intestines extruded from the wound. He crawled out from the deck area and was
taken to hospital where he received an emergency operation to save his life. He
was charged with a eleven
offenses, including arson. He has been in the Marion County jail ever since.
Now let us examine some elements of the story in greater detail:
- [Document without title] Bates 02308.
- Incident Notes, 01/22/19 07:42:57, Pg. 2 of 3, Bates 00974.
- Incident Summary and Resolution, Pg. 3, Bates 02301.
- The Incident Summary and Resolution, Bates 02303, 02304
- Incident Supplement, Cpl. Adam Waite, Pg. 3, 6 of 8; Bates 00142, 00145.
- Incident Supplement, Det. Andrew McFerron, Pg. 1 of 1, Bates 00017.
- Incident Supplement, Det. Anthony Vandekoppel, Pg. 3, 5 of 6; Bates 00160, 00162.
- Incident Supplement, Det. Charles Libby, Pg. 5 of 9, Bates 00170
- Incident Supplement, Det. Curtis Abel, Pg. 2, 4, 7, 8 of 10; Bates 00314, 00316, 00319, 00320.
- Incident Supplement, Det. Daniel Chase, Pg. 4 of 15, Bates 00225.
- Incident Supplement, Det. Daniel Tallan, Pg. 2 of 3, Bates 00189.
- Incident Supplement, Det. Jeffrey Gordon, Pg. 5 of 7, Bates [illegible].
- Incident Supplement, Ofc. Bobby Singleton, Pg 3 of 6, Bates 00173.
- Incident Supplement, Ofc. Cole Hughes, Pg. 1 of 3, Bates 00106.
- Incident Supplement, Ofc. Court Kirksey, Pg. 2 of 4, Bates 00186.
- Incident Supplement, Ofc. Lewis Menges, Pg, 2 of 3, Bates 00104.
- Incident Supplement, Ofc. Scott Kofoid, Pg. 2 of 3, Bates 00135.
- Incident Supplement of Sgt. Andrew Roberts, Pg. 4 of 15, Bates 00225.
- Incident Supplement, Sgt. Matthew Riddle, Pg 1 of 3, Bates 00094.
- Salem Fire Department Fire Investigation Report (DFM Parvin), Pg. 2 of 2, Bates 00337.
- Salem Fire Department Fire Investigation Report (DFM Poet), Pg. 4, 7, 8 of 12, Bates 00327,
- Salem Police Department Property Report, Pg. 5, 6, 7, 8 of 15; Bates 00413, 00414, 00415,
- Salem Police Department Response Report, Pg. 1, 5 of 30; Bates 00030, 00034.
- Search Warrant dated 22 January 2019 12:06 PM for 1050 Summer St., Bates 00284.
- Search Warrant dated 22 January 2019 12:06 PM for the person of Kenneth Ketchem, Bates 11285.
Additional Sources and Sequence of Events
Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers, July 10, 2018: "The Trial Penalty: The Sixth
Amendment Right to Trial on the Verge of Extinction and How to Save It"
Sun, 28 Jun 2002: "FIRE MARSHAL'S REPORT: Tear gas canister started deadly fire"
Florida Sun-Sentinel, 30 May 2001: "Tear Gas Started Pharmacy Fire, Report Says"
Forum: "Fires from CS Gas Canisters"
- Wikipedia: "Fire class"
- US National Library of
Medicine: "Tear Gas: An epidemiological and mechanistic reassessment"
Group: "Metal Fires — Why Water isn’t Always the Best Extinguishing Agent"
- 22 Jan
2019: Salem Police Flash Alert: "Update: Burglary suspect in custody"
22 Jan 2019: KPTV: "Police: Burglary suspect arrested after barricading
himself inside Salem home, setting fire"
22 Jan 2019: KOIN6: "Salem burglary suspect arrested after standoff"
22 Jan 2019: KATU/KVAL/KMTR/NBC16: "Police: Burglary suspect sets
stranger's home on fire during hours-long standoff in Salem"
22 Jan 2019: KYKN: "Salem Police SWAT Take Barricaded Burglary Suspect
- 22 Jan
2019: Salem Reporter: "UPDATED: Police remove burglar from Summer Street home after
22 Jan 2019: USA Breaking News: "Summer Street closed while SWAT responds
to burglary in Grant area"
- 24 Jan 2019: Indictment of Kenneth
Ketchem, filed in Marion Count Circuit Court by Paige Clarkson, Marion County District Attorney, by
Keir Boettcher, Deputy District Attorney.
12 Feb 2019: Salem Police Officer Kristy Fitzpatrick spoke to the
Northgate Neighborhood Association meeting.
24 Mar 2019: Everyone's Business Open Letter: to Chief of Police of Salem,
Jerry Moore. (Liberty Smith, Ph.D., researcher, consulted on the text.)
the letter was written, we have learned that as of 8 February 2019, the accused was
represented attorney Jeffery Jones of Salem.)
- 3 Apr 2019: Salem Fire
Department refused to release the fire marshal's report on the incident.
4 Apr 2019: Salem Police Lt. Shawn Adams is Emergency Operations Group
Commander, in charge of the SWAT team, bomb team, negotiations, and crowd control.
Lt. Adams spoke to the Grant Neighborhood
Association, addressing issues raised in the Open
Letter of 24 March 2019. According to Adams, the flash-bangs were detonated
outside the house only, though we found no scorch marks on the lawn or pavement around the
house. Additionally, the drape blown through the broken window and hanging outside the
house in the news video strongly suggests explosives were used inside.
- 9 Apr 2019: In the Marion County Courtroom, Kenneth Ketchem
(represented by Jeffrey Jones) pleaded not guilty at his arraignment.
- 15 Apr 2019: Everyone's
Business Open Letter: We applaud Lt. Shawn Adams for using intelligent, gentle, and
appropriate force in handling the April 12 incident at
block of 22nd Street SE in Salem. No tear gas or flash-bangs.
- 16 Jul 2019: Open Letter to the
District Attorney for Marion County, Paige Clarkson, voicing our concerns with the conduct of
her office. In this letter, we explain our objections to the charges against Ketchem, the
excessive bail, and the County's strategy of charging Ketchem with arson.
- 3 Aug 2019 2019: The Graves,
property owners, described the event on a local discussion forum:
You just haven't had your life turned upside down. I know what I'm talking about
… the police used our house as a training field where they unleashed 15 cans of tear
gas plus plus plus … they exacerbated a fire closed off the entire street called in two
fire trucks, went full metal jacket with about 40 police broke every window in the house - and
were afraid to go in the damn house and pull out the unarmed crazy man - the police there are
pussies. and HELL YES I'm mad. Starting life from nothing at 60. The police
made sure the offender was taken care of at the hospital HOWEVER no one even checked me
out. I ran out of the house in my pj's barefooted in January an spent the day with my
husband in the hospital for 4 hours while the police DID NOTHING but made a bad situation
worse. Thank God I didn't sell my house in Arizona!
… We as victims have been unable to get a police report or fire report as they are
"only released to a third party investigator." … Imagine that. … Tear gas
grenades are considered chemical weapons and are prohibited in warfare sometimes used for
riot control. … They are in themselves incendiary devices THEY START
FIRES!!!. … 15 were launched at our home against an unarmed perpetrator. … The
unnecessary loss of our home and family is unconscionable.
- 6 Aug 2019: The Marion County Court, Judge Hart presiding, scheduled trial for
16 March 2020.
- 20 Sep 2019: Spencer Todd was appointed Ketchem's Public Defender.
- 9 Oct 2019: The
remediation was finally finished and the property listed for sale
(cached). The listing reveals the extent of the
renovation, and hence of the damage:
Almost new home! Complete remodel w/all
new kitchen & bathrooms, wood floors, doors/trim, windows, siding, paint, electrical,
plumbing, furnace, water heater & much more. Kitchen features shaker cabinets, soft
close drawer/doors, quartz counters, new appliances & full tile back-splash. Amazing
wood floors on main level incl BRs. Gas FP in living rm. 3rd BR upstairs w/2 closets
w/barn doors. Finished basement w/separate entrance, laundry &
- 26 Nov 2019:
Ketchem (through Public Defender, Spencer Todd) filed a motion to reduce the bail from
$1,000,000 to $215,000. The prosecution invited the Lone Ranger and the Graves
to testify against the motion, and Judge Hart allowed them to testify without having
them take the standard witness oath to tell the truth. In that hearing also,
Judge Hart stated his personal belief that Ketchem had committed the crimes of which
he is charged.
- 9 Jan 2020:
Ketchem's Public Defender, Spencer Todd, filed a motion to withdraw from representation, arguing
that he did not have Ketchem's confidence. Judge Hart appointed the law firm of Martin
C. Habekost PC of 344 Norway St NE, Salem, OR 97301 to represent Ketchem.
- 11 Feb 2020: Everyone's Business published this analysis of the case.
- 22 Jun 2020: Letter to Oregon Governor Kate
Brown. Who is running the justice system in Oregon? Includes photo of
Kenneth Ketchem's horrid injuries inflicted by Salem's militarized police.
- 31 Jul 2020: Pretrial
hearing. Defense asked for continuance (postponement of trial) because it was
not fully prepared and had been denied evidence from previous attorneys. Judge
Hart denied the motion.
- 3 Aug 2020: The trial was
continued (postponed) to an unspecified future date.